Two common denominators prevent the United States from becoming a "Full Democracy", two sides of the same coin.

     • Concentration of Money and Power.

     • Exclusion of the majority of people from decision making.

The more money and power are concentrated, the more people are excluded from decision making. The more people are excluded, the less our interests are represented.

All remedies should have as goals the dispersal of money and power and inclusion of everyone in decision making. These are systemic and ubiquitous issues throughout every level of government across the United States.

Inclusive group decision making better represents and protect everyone’s priorities and interests than exclusive, autocratic, profit driven decision making. Dispersed power in multiple parties offering lots of voter choice better represents us than concentrated power in two parties. To remedy persistent issues, we can cherry pick the best features of proven solutions from EIU "Full Democracies", nearly all of which use Proportional Representation. Let’s replace 18th C. slavers' systems designed to concentrate power and exclude people with systems designed to disperse power and include nearly everyone.

Proportional Representation = Fair Representation

Proportional Representation in Multi Member Districts provides a close correlation between the percentage of votes received for a particular group of candidates, represented by their party, and the percentage of seats that party then receives in government. With 49% of the vote, party "A" receives about 49% of the seats. Input matches output. In the US, 49% can get your party nothing. Most variations in the 94 countries yield 7-10 parties giving candidates much greater ballot access, giving lots of choice for voters.

Government and Electoral Institutions are designed to concentrate Money and Power

The majority of the electorate is excluded from decision making by an institutionalized Cartel. Wealth and power are concentrated in a wealthy elite & giant multi-national corporations. The Cartel is owned by plutocrats and giant corporations. Entrenched powers use their power to entrench themselves further.

Solutions: Disperse money and power by replacing institutions designed to concentrate power and exclude people with institutions designed to disperse power evenly and fairly, including everyone in decision making.


     Abolish the Senate

     Adopt the National Popular Vote

     Democratize the Supreme Court, introduce term limits

     Disperse power to Communities: Community Rights

     Good Governance Reform: Healthy Democracy

     Increase the size of legislatures to disperse power and include a more diverse cross section of the community.

     Proportional Representation

          Mixed Member Proportional - Open Lists

          Single Transferable Vote

     Public Banking

     Separate the Dept. of Justice into an independent, elected, accountable branch of government, using STV elections.


Ballot Access:

Electoral systems are designed to constrain candidate ballot access, party ballot access, and voter ballot access. In the US, each type of suppression produces distorted, predetermined outcomes favoring the two major parties, the Cartel. Few candidates result in limited voter choice and unaccountable elected officials.

Candidate Ballot Access

Solutions: Level playing fields with easy candidate ballot access, introduce lots of choice and accountability. Take money out of influencing elections.

     Campaign Finance Reform that addresses Citizens United, Corporate Personhood

     Compensation: pay elected officials a Living Wage

     Proportional Representation

Party Ballot Access

Solutions: Level playing fields with easy party ballot access, introduce lots of choice and accountability. Take money out of influencing elections.

Voter Ballot Access

Solution: Incentivize voting, make voting easier, remove any obstructions to voting (physical, language, time constraints), offer a small tax incentive for low income voters, adopt universal registration techniques.

     Vote at Home

     Criminalize Voter Suppression and Dirty Tricks

     Direct Democracy

     Proportional Representation

     Range Voting aka Score Voting for administrative offices is far more inclusive, nuanced and easier to tabulate than any other

                     voting method in Single Member Districts, better than FPTP, Instant Runoff Voting/Ranked Choice or Approval Voting.  

     Universal Voter Registration:

     Airtight Election Integrity, prosecute violators, demand paper trails and post election sample testing.

What improves voter ballot access the most, per the annual "America Goes to the Polls" report:

"Same Day Registration

• Seven of the top ten states with the highest turnout offer Same Day Registration (SDR).

• In contrast, eight of the bottom ten states in turnout cut off voter registration four weeks before the election.

• States with SDR policies had turnout rates seven percentage points higher than non-SDR states.

Vote at Home

• Three of the four Vote at Home States – Colorado, Oregon, and Washington – ranked in the top ten in turnout. These states send all registered voters their ballot two or more weeks in advance and provide secure and convenient options to return it.

• Utah, the fourth and newest state to implement Vote at Home statewide, led the nation in voter turnout growth over 2014.

Automatic Voter Registration

• Since 2016, 17 states and the District of Columbia have enacted automatic voter registration policies.

• The five states* that reported their AVR registration data saw their state’s list of registered voters increase

on average four times more over 2014 than 22 states without AVR or SDR policy."

Remove Distortions in Vote Counting

     All electoral systems should be design to accurately reflect Voter intent. Voter intent is destroyed in every Single Member District electoral system. The worst version of Single Member District systems is First Past the Post (FPTP), ubiquitous throughout the United States, Canada and other English speaking countries.

The Electoral College distorts voter intent and excludes huge blocks of voters from having a voice in the outcome. The EC is best resolved by its abolition, however, Madison made that nearly impossible. The best workaround is the National Popular Vote.


     Concentrated media ownership restricts the free flow of news and opinion.

Solutions: Disperse media concentration by breaking up large media conglomerates. Improve transparency

Good Governance

Government is the only industry that writes its own rules and self-regulates. Self-regulation has resulted in a Cartel or One Party Dominant districts with little to no choice for voters, limited accountability and murky transparency.

Transparency and Accountability:

     Good Governance Boards

     Question Time


• Change electoral and government structures to parliamentary Proportional Representation in Multi Member Districts for all legislative bodies, using either STV or MMP with Open Lists.

• Range Voting for administrative Single Member Districts.

• Democratize the US Supreme Court. Introduce term limits for judges.

• Disperse power by enlarging legislative bodies, enabling Fine Grain representation.

• Implement Digital Ballot Initiatives for Direct Democracy in 22,000+ Home Rule cities and counties...........

     Electoral systems should be designed to disperse power and include everyone.

          Identify and remove all barriers and obstructions to voter access.

          Eliminate the Electoral College.

          Make ballot access easy for candidates of all ideologies. Adopt online petition gathering for initiatives at all levels of government.

          Accurately include candidate and voter diversity from all demographic subsets of the electorate, proportionate to their percentage of the vote, in all outcomes.

     Retain and include voter intent throughout the vote counting process, with 0% wasted votes. 

We can achieve 100% voter inclusion through Proportional Representation in Multi Member Districts, MMP in counties and states, STV in cities, and ranked votes.

Put Home Rule and Pro Rep on the ballot in 2020