Two common denominators prevent the United States from becoming a "Full Democracy", two sides of the same coin.

     • Concentration of Money and Power.

     • Exclusion of the majority of people from decision making.

The more money and power are concentrated, the more people are excluded from decision making. The more people are excluded, the less our interests are represented.

The cure to concentrated, corrupt, unaccountable power is dispersed, transparent, accountable power.

The cure to exclusion from decision making is to include everyone.

The cure to distorted representation is accurate representation.

The cure to predetermined elections are competitive elections in every district.

The cures to distortions in vote counting are to identify all distortions, remove them, count all votes in outcomes and retain voter intent throughout the vote counting process.

Dispersed power in multiple parties offering lots of voter choice better represents us than concentrated power in two parties. There's less room for corruption to be effective and more checks on abuse from opposition parties and candidates. Dominant party districts with unchecked, unaccountable power are far less likely when opposition parties act as checks in real time, not every, 2, 4 or 6 years. Most electoral systems in the US have not enlarged their legislative bodies for decades, sometimes over a century. Enlarging legislative bodies is NOT increasing the size of government. Enlarging city council, state and national assemblies enables more granularity, more diverse, accurate and inclusive representation. Fine Grain representation disruopts concentrated, unaccountable power.

Inclusive group decision making better represents and protects everyone’s priorities and interests than exclusive, autocratic, profit driven decision making. Sen. Elizabeth Warren said it best: "If you don't have a seat at the table, you're probably on the menu."

The first step in reforming distorted representation, is identifying where the distortions occur, followed by why. This is where the Best Democracy Index comes in. By measuring pluralism, we can objectively identify who is and isn't being represented.

To remedy persistent issues like predetermined elections in most districts, we can cherry pick the best features of proven solutions from EIU "Full Democracies", nearly all of which use Proportional Representation. Let’s replace 18th C. slavers' systems designed to concentrate power and exclude people with systems designed to disperse power and include nearly everyone.

Systemic exclusion of large blocks of voters using First Past the Post (FPTP) elections in Single Member Districts, is the greatest single cause of distortion in representation. 94 countries have adopted Proportional Representation in Multi Member Districts, eliminating this distortion in vote counting. The United States, Canada and the UK (for the most part - some of the UK elections have Pro Rep) are laggards, using antiquated forms of democracy.

Proportional Representation = Fair Representation

Proportional Representation in Multi Member Districts provides a close correlation between the percentage of votes received for a particular group of candidates, represented by their party, and the percentage of seats that party then receives in government. With 49% of the vote, party "A" receives about 49% of the seats. Input matches output. In countries using FPTP in Single Member Districts, 49% will often result in a large minority receiving zero representation. The Spoiler Effect with more than two candidates exacerbates distortions. Most variations of Pro Rep yield 7-10 parties, giving candidates much greater ballot access, and far more choice for voters.

Government and Electoral Institutions are designed to concentrate Money and Power

The majority of the US electorate is excluded from decision making by an institutionalized Cartel. Wealth and power are concentrated in a wealthy elite & giant multi-national corporations. The Cartel is owned by plutocrats and giant corporations through legitimized grifting. Entrenched powers use their power to entrench themselves further.

Solutions: Replace institutions designed to concentrate power and exclude people with institutions designed to disperse power evenly and fairly, including everyone in decision making.

Abolish the Senate

Adopt the National Popular Vote

Democratize the Supreme Court, introduce term limits

Disperse power to Communities: Community Rights

Good Governance Reform: Healthy Democracy

Increase the size of legislatures to disperse power and include a more diverse cross section of the community.

Proportional Representation:

          Mixed Member Proportional - Open Lists

          Single Transferable Vote

Public Banking

Range Voting for Single Member District administrative positions such as County Distrct Attorney, nuanced and easy to tabulate.

Separate the Dept. of Justice into an independent, elected, accountable branch of government, using STV elections.


Ballot Access

Electoral systems are designed to constrain candidate ballot access, party ballot access, and voter ballot access. In the US, each type of suppression produces distorted, predetermined outcomes favoring the two major parties, the Cartel. Few candidates result in limited voter choice, predetermined elections and unaccountable elected officials.

Candidate Ballot Access

Solutions: Level playing fields with easy candidate ballot access, introduce lots of choice and accountability. Take money out of influencing elections.

     Campaign Finance Reform that addresses Citizens United, Corporate Personhood

     Compensation: pay elected officials a Living Wage

     Proportional Representation

Party Ballot Access

Solutions: Level playing fields with easy party ballot access, introduce lots of choice and accountability. Take money out of influencing elections. Mixed Member Proportional with ranking represents every party and voter fairly,as few as 1% wasted votes.

Voter Ballot Access

Solution: Identify and remove all barriers and obstructions to voter access. Incentivize voting, make voting easier, remove any obstructions to voting (physical, language, time constraints), offer a small tax incentive for low income voters, adopt universal registration techniques. Many of these issues are remedied by HR 1, that Moscow Mitch has refused to allow onto the US Senate floor for debate. Moscow Mitch illustrates the evil of concentrated power, excluding everyone else from having a voice.

We can address some of the Ballot Access issues by implementing several reforms:

Vote at Home (Vote by Mail)

     Three of the four Vote at Home States – Colorado, Oregon, and Washington – ranked in the top ten in turnout.

     These states send all registered voters ballots two or more weeks in advance and provide secure and convenient options to return it.

     Utah, the fourth and newest state to implement Vote at Home statewide, led the nation in voter turnout growth over 2014.

     Vote At Home is the safest way to vote in times of TRUMP-19 and is much more convenient than standing in long lines.

Criminalize Voter Suppression and Dirty Tricks

Direct Democracy: Implement online signature gathering for Ballot Initiatives in 22,000+ Home Rule cities and counties.

Proportional Representation: Change electoral and government structures to parliamentary Proportional Representation in Multi Member Districts for all legislative bodies, using either STV or MMP/STV with Open Lists.

Universal Voter Registration:

Airtight Election Integrity: prosecute violators, demand paper trails, institutionalize post election sample testing for accuracy.

What improves voter ballot access the most, per the annual "America Goes to the Polls" report:

Same Day Registration

• Seven of the top ten states with the highest turnout offer Same Day Registration (SDR).

• In contrast, eight of the bottom ten states in turnout cut off voter registration four weeks before the election.

• States with SDR policies had turnout rates seven percentage points higher than non-SDR states.

Automatic Voter Registration

• Since 2016, 17 states and the District of Columbia have enacted automatic voter registration policies.

• The five states that reported their AVR registration data saw their state’s list of registered voters increase

on average of four times more over 2014 than 22 states without AVR or SDR policy."

Distortions in Vote Counting

All electoral systems should be design to accurately reflect Voter intent. Voter intent is destroyed in every Single Member District electoral system. The worst version of Single Member District systems is First Past the Post (FPTP), ubiquitous throughout the United States, Canada and other English speaking countries. The solution is to Retain and include voter intent throughout the vote counting process, with 0% wasted votes.

The Electoral College distorts voter intent and excludes huge blocks of voters from having a voice in the outcome. The EC is best resolved by its abolition, however, Madison made that nearly impossible. The best workaround is the National Popular Vote.

Range Voting aka Olympic/Score Voting for Single Member administrative offices such as a county District Attorney or sheriff is far more inclusive, nuanced and easier to tabulate than any other voting method in Single Member Districts, better than FPTP, Instant Runoff Voting/Ranked Choice or Approval Voting.  

Proportional Representation: Accurately include candidate and voter diversity from all demographic subsets of the electorate, proportionate to their percentage of the vote, in all outcomes. The most effective solution to distortions in vote counting is to retain voter intent throughout the counting process, resulting in outcomes matching input. Proportional Representation in Multi Member Districts for all legislative bodies, using either STV or MMP/STV with Open Lists, and ranking sytems for candidates and parties, effectively mirrors voter intent.


Concentrated media ownership restricts the free flow of news and opinion.

Disinformation campaigns undermine the integrity of elections by multiple means.

Solutions: Disperse media concentration by breaking up Media Conglomerates using anti-trust laws already on the books.. Improve transparency of information sources.

Good Governance

Government is the only industry that writes its own rules and self-regulates. Self-regulation has resulted in a Cartel or One Party Dominant districts with little to no choice for voters, limited accountability and murky transparency.

Transparency and Accountability:

Best Democracy Index     

Good Governance Boards

Question Time